What is a Volcano?
Volcanoes are one of the biggest Natural Disaster. Volcanoes are natural formations where magma emerges to the earth, consists of layers intertwined within our planet, and the inner part is called the magma. Lava coming out of the earth can be dangerous for people most of the time, we call it a volcano eruption. When a volcano erupts, only lava, that is, melted rocks do not come out, even though this is a very dangerous event because the temperature of lava can go up to 2,200 fahrenheit and nothing can stand in front of these lava houses. cars can melt whatever comes in front of them, if the damages of the volcano eruptions are limited to them, they have a lot of toxic gases in the pressure that creates the explosions and have a lethal effect for humans.
It is estimated that there are more than 1500 volcanoes, 150 of which are active in the world, and it is not possible to give an exact figure because a significant part of the volcanoes are at the ocean floor because the ocean floors closer to the magma contain numerous volcanic activities. In fact, while you read this article somewhere in the world necessarily erupting a volcano. They are sleeping giants, who can suddenly wake up and upset their surroundings, cause catastrophes and then fall asleep as if nothing had happened.
As a Natural Disaster The best way to protect yourself from a volcanic eruption is to go as far away from the volcano as it is too far away, because when a volcano erupts it can release lava and toxic gases up to 25 square kilometers, even spraying lava up to 3 kilometers high in the air, and all of these explosions are not earthquake may cause.
Well, if these formations that cause such a large scale catastrophe can show signs before carrying out their activities, more importantly, it is possible to accept the warning and evacuate people from the region, but it is not always possible.
A volcano can cause minor seismic activity before it starts, gas outlets can be seen in or around it, sometimes the earth’s shapes may change, nearby roads may collapse, soils are formed in the ground because the gases underneath and the relatively soft stratum are deserved, so that these symptoms are an explosion to scientists. But sometimes they can explode suddenly without seeing any of these symptoms. This is why Volcanoes are one of the biggest Natural disaster. If there are settlements nearby, this results in a catastrophe.
It is not possible to overlook the volcanoes on land, because when they erupt, they leave traces that have not disappeared for thousands of years. During the explosions millions of tons of ash and smoke are thrown into the air and lava rivers flow. When viewed from a distance, a volcano eruption is one of the most striking images of nature, but it is terrible to witness such a natural event closely.