The Biggest Volcanic Disasters in History
On the surface of the Earth, there are traces of enormous Natural Disasters, eruptions that occurred long ago. Some of them buried the ancient cities of Krakatoa or Vesuvius – ending thousands of lives. As we go back in time, we learn that volcano eruptions affect prehistoric animals and destroy all food, leading to mass extinctions. One of the largest prehistoric eruptions took place 60 million years ago in what is now known as India. This explosion was so strong that perhaps it was the end of the Age of Dinosaurs.
Volcano of Krakatoa:
The greatest Natural Disasters of recent volcanic origin occurred in 1883 when the Krakatoa mountain near Indonesia became operational. With a huge explosion, even from a distance of 3,000 kilometers, the island on its nearly extinct mountain has broken its half into the air. The explosion was so severe that it caused giant tsunamis, and 30,000 people living in the nearby Sumatra and Java islands lost their lines as victims of this Natural Disaster. It was called Krakatau, the child of Krakatau. The Krakatoa explosion has taken its place in history as the shaking of our planet. This explosion has revealed the equivalent of four nuclear bombs. The ash layer formed after the explosion spread to the atmosphere and prevented the arrival of the sun’s rays to the earth, which reduced the temperature of the world by 1-1.5 degrees and surprised the seasonal rains.
In 79 BC, it exploded near Pompeii, one of the magnificent cities of Rome. It is thought that 200.000 people lost their lives in this Natural Disaster which turned the city into a mass grave. The explosion buried the city under the ashes until it was rediscovered in 1748, and it is still home to the world’s largest archaeological remains.
Although it is believed to be a myth, scientists think that the city of Atlantis was sacrificed to this Natural Disaster. It is thought that the city of Atlantis disappeared 3,600 times ago with Atlantis, the Mediterranean island of Santorini.
In 1972, this mountain near Japan exploded without any indication, and with the enormous tusunamis it created, it is still not known exactly how many people have died, killing nearly 15,000 people.
This volcanic mountain within Indonesia is the most powerful volcanic eruption ever recorded. When it exploded in 1815, it was 7 times stronger than the Krakatoa explosion and caused 90,000 people to revive. The ash layer formed after the explosion formed a layer in the atmosphere of the whole world and caused a chain of events that were large enough to cause temperature drop and climate change.
The mountain from this island near France exploded violently in 1902, with the volcanic eruption that killed St. Pierre, causing 30,000 deaths. As a result of the explosion, the formation of ash, poisonous gas and clouds containing hot particles was called “pelee type”.
It is the second biggest threat after Fuji, which is still life-threatening in Japan. last September 27, 2014 has suffered a small scale disaster, 54 people died in the disaster still has people missing.
Volcano of Santa Maria:
The volcano to the west of Guatemale erupted in 1902, causing a major disaster. The volcano, which caused 5,000 people to die at the time of the explosion,
Nearly 200,000 square kilometers of agricultural land has made it unusable.
The disaster in 1985 killed 25,000 people.
It is also an active volcano on the borders of Endenozia. When it exploded in 1919, there were 5,100 people who swallowed the villages in front of the mud river.